Small taxpayers got some relief in the form of rebate u/s 87A, whereby the limit is increased from INR 2,000 to INR 5,000. Rent deduction u/s 80GG applicable to individuals not in receipt of HRA is also increased.
The much criticized EPF tax proposal applies to individuals with income above INR 15,000 per month. Revenue Secretary, Hasmukh Adhia added clarity to this measure,
"The principal amount will not be taxed and will continue to remain tax exempt on withdrawal. What we have said is 40% of the interest accrued on contributions made after April 1 will be tax exempt and its remaining 60% will be taxed. We are worried about people blowing off the entire 100 per cent amount on retirement and not investing in pension products. Otherwise, the responsibility comes on government to take care of."
Budget 2016 will also push up car prices in all categories. On the other hand, increased service tax at 15% will the price of all services.
The move is expected to migrate taxpayers from EPF to NPS, which, in turn, will reduce old age poverty. A detailed analysis on how both schemes will be impacted is available here.
Threshold limit for TDS (sec 192A) on withdrawal of EPF is increased from INR 30,000 to INR 50,000. TDS on payments under life insurance policies (section 194DA) and insurance commissions (section 194D) are reduced to half to 1% and 5%, respectively. The threshold u/s 194D has been reduced to INR 15,000. National Savings Schemes is now subject to half the TDS rate at 10%. Threshold for commission income covered u/s 194H is increased to INR 15,000 and rate reduced to 5%. TDS threshold is increased u/s 194C to INR 1 lac, u/s 194LA to INR 2.5 lac and 194G to INR 15,000. On the other hand, cash transactions involving goods or services worth INR 2 lac or more will now be subject to 2% TDS.
Home buyers had to content with announcements u/s 24, u/s 80EE and service tax exemption for affordable housing scheme. Additional exemption u/s 80EE is primarily expected to benefit Tier II/Tier III cities and limited low cost housing schemes in Tier I cities.
Additionally, there are some changes proposed in the advance tax schedule and time limits u/s 139.
According to a feature in Livemint, "Only 5.5% of earning individuals pay tax, in part because of the government’s generous economic policies." Combined with this, the rampant tax evasion in India has skewed the tax burden with about 2% taxpayers paying 63% of income tax. Fiscal policy, therefore, requires a two-pronged approach of including more taxpayers and increasing compliance.
Indirect tax impact on various goods and services:
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